Links and sources

Originally published in Danish in ARKITEKTEN  no. 28, November 2000, pp. 2–9. 
Text and illustrations have been updated for the web edition. (JAA-J, 2003-04).


Ronald G. Knapp, SUNY Distinguished Professor Emeritus at SUNY New Paltz

Has written a number of invaluable books about Chinese vernaculary architecture
Publications by Don Wagner

Chinese science, technology, history, archaeology, and language

Usefull links for Asian Studies


by Don Wagner
Peabody Essex Museum Nancy Berliner, Curator of Chinese Art, and others is the website for Yin Yu Tang, a 200 year old Anhui merchant’s house exhibited at Peabody Essex Museum
Peabody Essex Museum Nancy Berliner, Curator of Chinese Art, and others
The site for the Herbert Offen Research Collection of books and manuscripts relating to Chinese architecture, gardens and furniture. This is probably the most thorough library collections on this subject. They have books in all languages and many, many rare books, as well as all newly published works.

Faculty of Architecture Building and Planning, the University of Melbourne


Dr. Qinghua Guo

A Visual Sourcebook of Chinese Civilization


Prepared by Patricia Buckley Ebrey

Olivier Laude and
Ronald G. Knapp:
" Chinese Rural Architecture"

Dr. Heidi Dumreicher, chief executive director


A Sino-European Study on Sustainability

Anne Marshall,

Department of Architecture
University of Idaho
Cultural Institute of the Macao S.A.R. Government

Earthen Houses (Tulou), Fujian Province

A chinese website, Yongding

References (books and journals)

Aaberg-Jorgensen, Jens: "Clan homes in Fujian", in: ARKITEKTEN  no. 28, November 2000, pp. 2–9. 

Aaberg-Jorgensen, Jens: "Kinarapport nr 1" 2001

Andersen, Poul: personal communication, 1997-2000

Bray, Francesca : Technology and Gender, Univ. of California Press, 1997.

-                          Technology and Society in Ming China (1368-1644),                             American Historical Association, 2000

Constable, Nicole : Christian Soul and Chinese Spirits, California, 1994

Constable, Nicole : Guest People, Hakka Identity, California, 1996

Liu Dunzhen: La Maison Chinoise, Paris 1980

Esfehani, Amir Moghaddass: "Ok, earth buildings", Das Neue China, 1994/2
-                                          "Identities on the move", Das Neue China, 1997/3

Fei Xiatong: From the Soil, a translation of Fei Xiatongs Xiangtu Zhongguo

Huang HanminLao fangzi - Fujian minju, [Old houses - vernacular dwellings of Fujian], Photography by Li Yuxiang;  Jiangsu Fine Arts Publishing House, Nanjing, 1994
-                           "Echo" no. 22, 1989, p.4-69 (Huang Hanmin and others)
-                           "Building in China", Dec. 1989, p. 29-36.

Krone, R. : "A Notice of the Sanon District", quoted in: Freedman, Maurice: Chinese Lineage and Society: Fujian and Kwangtung, NY, Humanities Press, New York, 1966

Knapp, Ronald D. The Chinese House" Oxford University Press, HK 1990

Knapp, Ronald G. : China's Old Dwellings, Honolulu 2000

Laude, Olivier: "Unique Habitats", p. 163-173 in Village Landscapes, ed. by Ronald Knapp, Hawaii, 1992

Lagerwey, John: personal communication, 1997
-                        Cult Patterns among the Hakka in Fujian: A  Preliminary Report, HK, 1994
-                        The Li Lineage Of Hukeng
-                        "Notes on the Symbolic Life of a Hakka Village", 
                          Minguo April 1983

Leong, Sow-Theng : Migration and Ethnicity in Chinese History, Stanford, 1997

Mogi, Keiichiro: Zhongguo minju yanjiu[A Survey of Chinese Dwellings], Taibei 1996 (Chinese translation from the original japanese edition)

Ramsey, S. Robert: The Languages of China, Princeton University Press, 1987

Rapport, Amos : House Form and Culture, Prentice-Hall, 1969

Skinner, S.(ed.): The City in Late Imperial China, Stanford, 1977.

Thompson, Fred: "Earthly fortresses", in: The Architectural Review, febr. 1996, p. 84-87.

Vanggaard, Ole: Assoc. Professor, BSc. (Engineering), The Royal Academy of Fine Arts, School of Architecture, personal communication, 1999.

Xiaotong, Fei : Xiangtu Zhongguo - From the Soil, California, 1947/94